Since most of us have already moved from analogue or film cameras to a digital camera for a variety of reasons including, but not limited to costs, fast turn around and their ease of use, this short article is aimed as an introduction to today’s digital camera.
The market is now flooded with a wide range of digital cameras ranging from a simple ‘point and shoot’ or compact camera to a very sophisticated SLR (Single Lens Reflex) with more options than you will ever be able to use! These cameras are robust and as a result, also heavy to carry around.
Between these 2 extremes are a variety of choices including a fixed lens camera and the more recently released mirror-less cameras, small, compact with many of the options found in SLR cameras.
Most cameras today contain a built in small flash. Others also include an option of an external (and more powerful) flash. This topic will be covered more fully in an article under the heading of light.
Your choice will be usually based on your budget and also what you want to photograph.
Probably even more important than the camera body is your choice of lens. A quality lens is expensive. Here again one has a wide choice and depends on what you want to photograph. Many photographers carry a number of different lens depending on the different ‘situations’ that may occur. At one end of the range we have the ‘fish-eye’ lens, an ultra wide - angle lens and at the other, a long (and heavy) telephoto lens. In between we have fixed focal lens and wide - angle lens. Also available are lens that combine both a wide angle and a telephoto option. This particular lens tends to be a favorite for many photographers as they cover most of the photographer’s needs with one lens.
Digital Photography requires the use of a computer.
After the photograph has been taken the image is stored as a digital file on the memory card in the camera. The image(s) can be transferred to the computer via a USB cable or by using an appropriate memory card reader and its USB cable. These images can now be be sorted according to subject (or any other criteria) and stored in selected folders.
In many cases the image we now see on our computer screen is not what we saw when we actually ‘took’ the picture. There could be many reasons for this, many of them technical and perhaps will become the subject of another article.In order to solve these issues, complex software has been developed and made available ranging from ‘Photoshop’ to other simpler to use versions allowing‘cropping’, exposure changes, contrast and color saturation as some of the options.Knowledge of the above software will enable the photographer to enhance his images and overcome some of the technical limitations of his / her equipment
Self-criticism (and feedback) is important at this stage together with careful use of the ‘delete’ option. A back-up copy of your important images should also be done on a regular basis.
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